Justia Immigration Law Opinion SummariesArticles Posted in Supreme Court of Indiana
City Of Gary v. Nicholson
The Supreme Court dismissed this action in which Plaintiffs challenged the City of Gary's local ordinance designed to protect the rights of immigrants, holding that Plaintiffs lacked standing to bring this action.Plaintiffs, four Indiana residents, challenged the "welcoming ordinance" adopted by Gary in 2017 establishing its commitment to protecting the rights of immigrants, seeking a declaration that four sections of the ordinance violated Ind. Code 5-2-18.2 and enjoining the city from enforcing those sections. The trial court entered summary judgment for Plaintiffs. The Supreme Court remanded the case to the trial court with instructions to dismiss the action for lack of standing, holding that where Plaintiffs alleged no injury but instead argued that neither statutory nor public standing requires an injury, Plaintiffs did not meet constitutional requirements for conferring standing. View "City Of Gary v. Nicholson" on Justia Law
Bobadilla v. State
The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the lower courts denying Appellant’s petition for post-conviction relief on the basis that his attorney provided deficient performance that prejudiced him, holding that counsel rendered ineffective assistance to Appellant by failing to properly advise him about the immigration consequences of a misdemeanor guilty plea.Appellant pleaded guilty to stealing less than twenty dollars of merchandise from Walmart without realizing that his guilty plea made him a deportable felon under federal immigration law. Appellant sought post-conviction relief, alleging ineffective assistance of counsel. The lower courts denied relief. The Supreme Court reversed, holding (1) Appellant’s attorney rendered constitutionally deficient performance as a matter of law by independently marking “N/A” next to the citizenship advisement on the standard advisement of rights from before inquiring into Appellant’s citizenship status; and (2) counsel’s deficient performance prejudiced Appellant. View "Bobadilla v. State" on Justia Law
Escamilla v. Shiel Sexton Co.
The Supreme Court held that the Open Courts Clause of the Indiana Constitution allows unauthorized immigrants to pursue claims for decreased earning capacity damages in a tort action. The Court then provided an evidentiary framework for determining when that plaintiff’s unauthorized immigration status is admissible at trial. The trial court in this personal injury case allowed evidence of Plaintiff’s immigration status and excluded testimony calculating Plaintiff’s decreased lifetime earning capacity due to his injury as unreliable for failing to account for Plaintiff’s immigration status. The Supreme Court reversed, provided the framework for addressing when immigration status is admissible in a decreased earning capacity tort claim, and remanded for the trial court to apply this framework. View "Escamilla v. Shiel Sexton Co." on Justia Law